Tag Archives: bufo toad

Trap and Eliminate Bufo Marinus Toads


Bufo Marinus Toads, also known as Cane Toads and Giant Toads, can kill dogs in minutes. (Read: Bufo Toads Can Kill Your Dog!) Bufos love pet food and can kill a dog by previously coming in contact with the pet food or water bowl, so DON’T leave food or water sitting out! In South Florida, Bufo Toads an invasive species ruining our ecosystem and threatening dogs, cats and other animals, large and small. They have even been known to kill alligators! That’s extremely toxic; dogs can die within minutes if not treated. Read my previous post about identifying Bufo toads and what to do if you’re pet comes into contact with one by clicking here.

Here is a baby Bufo in our yard. Unlike the non-threatening Southern Toad, Bufo Toads have large glands on the side of their neck that angle downward towards the shoulders. Bufo toads do not have any knobs or ridges on their heads, like Southern Toads do.

Bufos are known to live by lakes and water sources in South Florida and are constantly invading backyards and family areas. Many readers have asked how to trap or eliminate Bufos from their yards. Below are several options we’ve tried and tested. Though these work, they never completely eliminate Bufo Toads and some are extreme solutions (but when it comes to a toad or my dogs, I choose my dogs every time!). Bottom line, these highly toxic toads will always be a threat and the best way to prevent an attack is to watch your pet at all times outside. You can also train your to stay away from Bufos with constant reinforcement training (Harley and Chelsea are trained to stay away however Scarlett is a pointer and always chases them.)

Trapping and Eliminating Bufo Marinus Toads

1. Freezing Toads
To freeze the toads to death, you must first capture them. This can be tricky and requires a little ingenuity as to the best way. Freezing toads to death is considered the most humane way. You can spread benzocaine ointment on it’s back (a small amount) and it will cause the toad to be unconscious in 20 minutes. Then, place in the freezer for 3 days and discard responsibly! The Florida Wildlife Extension at UF recommends this method. Click here to read more.

2. Snake Killer Deterrent
This is more of a preventative measure and though it won’t eliminate all Bufo Toads, it can drastically reduce the numbers in your yard because they hate the Snake Killer. Spread it around the perimeter of your yard, specifically concentrating in well-known Bufo Toad areas, like by bodies of water, lights, etc.

3. Bucket Trap
Bury a 5-gallon bucket (or larger), so the opening is level to the ground. Grease the buckets sides well, so the toads cannot escape. Throw some pet food in the bottom. There MUST be a light source overhead or nearby. You can do this by setting it up under a floodlight and using foil to reflect the light or setting up a light source directly above the bucket (make sure it’s protected from water). Either way, a light source must be present nearby to attract the frogs. They will also smell the dog food and may want to check it out. You may need to build a blockade around this to protect your dogs and kids. If so, make sure there is a large enough opening at the bottom for the toads to hop in. We have caught a few Bufo Toads this way!

4. Bleach
Bleach is the most extreme solution, as bleach kills the Bufo instead of acting as a deterrent or trap. Though not the most humane, the quickest solution is to pour 1/2 cup bleach over Bufos. They will die almost instantly and then you can responsibly discard them. This method should be used only as a last resort against Bufo Toads or in an emergency situation.

We hope these provide some solutions to anyone with a Bufo Toad infestation. A dog poisoned by a Bufo Toad will die 100% of the time if not treated. Make sure to be careful if you live in an area with these Giant Toads and keep an eye on your pets at all times!

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Poisonous Bufo Toads Can Kill Your Dog


Bufo Toads (also known as Giant Toads, Cane Toads and scientifically, Bufo marinus) are a major threat to dogs in South Florida. An invasive species, these Giant Toads are highly toxic to animals and cause death 100% of the time if the animal comes into contact with poison or if not treated instantly. Tonight, I read an article about a puppy who died from licking a toad. Read it here.

I live on a lake and we have toads in the backyard on a nightly basis, especially when it rains. My dog, Harley, was almost killed by a Bufo two years ago and it was the scariest experience of my life. Thankfully, I previously read an article about them and knew we didn’t have much time. A dog can die 5-10 minutes after coming into contact with the poisonous secretions on their side glands. My vet told me they like pet food and will climb into bowls left outside; later when the dog comes into contact with the bowl and poison, he dies. Bottom line, if there are Bufo toads in your yard, never leave bowls out and watch your animals ALL THE TIME!!! If a dog is poisoned, they need to be rushed to the vet immediately. You can rinse the gums with running water from a hose to reduce the toxins.
Harley started drooling, his eyes rolled back in his head and his whole body was shaking and convulsing. He foamed at the mouth and had no control of his motor functions. This happened less than a minute after we came inside from our nighttime potty break. I wasted no time and drove like hell to the emergency vet. I told them my suspicions and they started treatment immediately, ultimately saving his life. After two days at the hospital, I got to take him home. Many dogs are not as lucky.

WHAT TO DO IF YOUR DOG IS POISONED BY BUFO
1. Take hose and rinse pet’s gums with running water. It’s easiest if the dog is laying down and the hose is continuously pumping water in and out.
2. JUMP IN THE CAR WITH YOUR DOG AND GET TO A VET ASAP! DON’T WAIT!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
3. Call the vet on your way there and inform them of the situation. Inform them your dog needs to be seen ASAP and needs lots of fluids to flush out poison.
*If you live far from a vet, you can also feed one teaspoon olive oil to induce vomiting to buy some time.

Florida Wildlife Extension at UF has a great article with in depth information about the Bufo toad, symptoms of Bufo poisoning, and how to properly identify one. Here’s the website.

Click here to learn how to trap, deter and eliminate Bufo Toads on your property.

Here’s a baby Bufo Toad in my backyard in Miami, FL. Bufos have large glands on the sides of their bodies. They have no ridges on their heads and usually, dark spots on their bodies.

Unlike the Southern Toad (not poisonous), the Bufo Toad has very large glands that angle downward.

bufo toad, toad, poisonous toad

Bufos will come on your porch and drink water or eat pet food from your dog’s bowl. Do not leave these out, as if a toad touches it and a dog comes in contact later, it can still poison them.

Harley reminds you to Beware of Bufos!!!!